Ramasetu Marvalous Civil Engineering of 5076 BCE

Rama Setu an Ancient Marvelous Civil engineering of 5076 BCE

▪ This is One of the Scientific, Archeological, Astronomical Evidence to show that Ramayana is not mythological, Ramayana is historical and actually happened
to know all Scientific, Archeological, Astronomical Evidence of Ramayana please visit below link

▪ In this article we are going to explaore How Civil engineering Techniqu of Ramasetu in 5076 BCE

▪ One of the ways of proving historicity today is to show archeological proof or evidence. But continuous civilization, while a marvel by itself, does not leave intact, sufficient archeological remnants of its ancestors.

▪ Generations come and go and as they keep building and rebuilding their cities, they destroy or alter these remains in order to sustain themselves.
▪ Hence while the continuous civilizations and culture itself is an existing evidence, archeological artifacts are hard to come by.

Shri B.B. Lal 
Director General, Retd., 
Archaeological Survey of India, 

"No contemporary inscriptional evidence is available to establish the historicity of the epic. An advantage in approaching this problem is, the sites mentioned in the epic, bear same names even today. This is because these sites have remained under continuous occupation ever since the 1st settlement began thereat. Authenticity of the names is there, as there is only one Mathura, Hastinapura, Ayodhya, Chitrakoota."   

▪ Since all traditional archealogical evidences are not directly available due to an elapse of time of more than 7,200 years coupled continuous civilization, the bridge is probably the only archaeological evidence!

What does the text say about this bridge and what do we find on site?

▪ Contrary to just mentioning in passing, the Ramayana has detail verses explaining the construction of the bridge. The steps followed by Rama in constructing the bridge seem to be no different from those employed by modern day Civil engineering and Construction companies.

Textual Description:

▪ It says that, during Rama’s encounter with the sea, they gathered that it was in the nature of the seas to be deep and not shallow, to have waves and fierce sea creatures. Given this, it was essential to find a path where Rama and his army would find it easy to cross the sea.

▪ Nala who introduced himself as the biological descendant of Vishwakarma, an architect par excellence, offered his services for the design and construction of a bridge.

▪ On his advice, the Vanara then piled different varieties of trees and then large boulders followed by smaller stones to create a causeway over the sea in 5 days, over which they crossed and reached Lanka.

Survey of the conditions
Samudra Deva says 
"O, beloved Rama !
Earth, wind, ether, water and light
remain fixed in their own nature, 
resorting to their eternal path.
I am fathomless and my nature is that 
it is impossible of being swum across.
It becomes unnatural if I am shallow.I am telling you the following device to cross me.
O, Prince!
Neither from desire nor ambition
nor fear, nor from affection,
I am able to solidify my waters inhabited by Makarah.
O, Rama!
I shall make it possible to see that you are able to cross over.
I will arrange a place for the vanara to cross me
and bear with it. As far as the army crosses me,
the Makarah will not be aggressive to them."
(Ramayana 6.22.25 - 28). 

Planning and Deciding the approach
▪ "I am a son born of Visvakarma's own loins. I am equal to Viswakarma. This god of Ocean has reminded me. The great ocean spoke the truth. Being unasked, I have not told you my details earlier. I am capable of constructing a bridge across the ocean. Hence, let the foremost of vanara build the bridge now itself." 

Construction of the bridge
Description in the Ramayana. Yudha Kandam. Sloka 6.22.50 – 72 

▪ "Then, being sent by Rama, hundreds and thousands of vanara, heroes jumped in joy on all sides, towards the great forest.

▪ Those army-chiefs of vanara, who resembled mountains, broke the rocks and trees there and dragged them away towards the sea.

▪ Those vanara filled the ocean with all types of trees like Sala and Asvakarna, Dhava and bamboo, Kutaja, Arjuna, palmyra, Tilaka, Tinisa, Bilva, Saptaparna, Karnika, in bloom as also mango and Asoka. 

▪ The excellent vanara, the forest animals lifted and brought, like Indra's flag post, some trees with roots intact and some others without roots. From here and there the vanara brought Palmyra trees, pomegranate shrubs, coconut and Vibhitaka, Karira, Bakula and neem trees.

▪ The huge bodied vanara with mighty strength uprooted elephant-sized rocks and Mountains and transported them by mechanical contrivances. The water, raised up due to sudden throwing of mountains in the sea, soured upward towards the sky and from there again, gushed back. 

▪ The rocks befalling on all sides perturbed the ocean. Some others drew up strings a hundred Yojanas long, - in order to keep the rocks in a straight line.

▪ Nala on his part initiated a monumental bridge in the middle of the ocean. The bridge was built at that time with the cooperation of other vanara, of terrible doings. Some vanara were holding poles for measuring the bridge and some others collected the materials. Reeds and logs resembling clouds and mountains, brought by hundreds of vanara, lead by the command of Rama, fastened some parts of the bridge. 

▪ Vanara constructed the bridge with trees having blossom at the end of their boughs. Some vanara looking like demons seized rocks resembling mountains and peaks of mountains and appeared running hither and thither. Then, a tumultuous sound occurred when the rocks were thrown into the sea and when mountains were caused to fall there.

▪ On the 1st day, 14 Yojana of bridge were constructed by the vanara speedily, thrilled with delight as they were, resembling elephants. 

▪ In the same manner, on the 2nd day 20 Yojana of bridge were constructed speedily by the vanara of terrific bodies and of mighty strength.

▪ Thus, on the 3rd day 21 Yojana of the bridge were constructed in the ocean speedily by the vanara with their colossal bodies.

▪ On the 4th day, a further of 22 Yojana were constructed by the dashing vanara with a great speed.

▪ In that manner, on the 5th day, the vanara working quickly constructed 23 Yojana of the bridge up to the other seashore. 

▪ That Nala, the strong and illustrious son of Vishwakarma and an excellent vanara built the bridge across the sea as truly as his father would have built it. That beautiful and lovely bridge constructed by Nala across the ocean the abode of crocodiles, shone brightly like a milkyway of stars in the sky." 

From the above description, the bridge construction can be graphically explained as follows.

▪ Physical Observation : Today there is a natural sea ridge formation over the seabed linking the land masses of India and Sri Lanka.

▪ This formation presents a good foundation over which, the Vanara of yore could have easily augmented and created a causeway bridge. This would vindicate Rama’s encounter with the sea to find a place in the sea where it would be easy for Rama and his army to cross over.

▪ 'Amar Chitra Katha' is a popular and widely accepted as an authentic expression of Indian legends. In their depiction of Ramayana, they clearly show the layers of the bridge construction, with a wood base on top of which large boulders have been piled on.    

▪ The question now is whether, under the layers of hardened sands, do the layers of this bridge show remnants of the trees and rocks as placed there by the Vanara over the natural ridge, under the guidance of Nala, as described in the text? 

▪ Dr. S. Badrinaryanan, Geologist - former Director of Geological Survey of India and Consultant at the National Institute of Oceanic Technology (NIOT), has done extensive geological research of the bridge, and this is what he has to say: 

"Geological & geophysical studies of Ram Sethu reveal the presence of loose marine sand below the coral layer, clearly indicating the coral layer in the form of boulders are not natural and formed on their own, but have been transported by somebody and dumped there; thus clearly establishing the fact that Ram Sethu is very much man made in the hoary past." 

▪ The texts state that the bridge’s length is a 100 Yojana and the breadth is 10 Yojana making a ratio of 10:1. 

▪ Today the bridge, from Dhanushkodi to Talaimannar, measures approx 35 km in length and 3.5 km in breadth making it of the same ratio of 10:1 as mentioned in the texts.
Post Completion

▪ Rama spoke to Sita en route from Lanka to Ayodhya 

▪ "Survey the city of Lanka perched on a summit of the Trukuta Mountain, resembling a peak of Mountain Kailasha."

▪ "Here see the landing place on the seashore where having crossed the ocean, we spent that night."

▪ "Here is the bridge called Nala Sethu so called because it was constructed by the vanara Chief Nala, which was so difficult to execute for others."

▪ It is very clear from the above statement that Rama has himself called this bridge 'Nala Setu' because of the singular effort of Nala in executing this civil engineering marvel.

What do our other traditional literature say about this bridge?

▪ Nala Setu, a protected monument during Mahabharata times

nalasetur iti khyato yo 'dyapi prathito bhuvi ramasyajnac purask - tya dharyate girisacnibha 
- (Mahabharata 3.267.45)
▪ which even today, popular on earth as Nala's bridge, mountain like is sustained out of respect for Lord Rama's command. 

▪ Further, in the Mahabartaha text, when the 5 Pandava brothers roam the forest during their exile period, they visit the Ashrama of Rishi Markendeya, who regales them with the histories of their land.

▪ Thus the Setu has been discussed in literature as a protected monument through the ages.
▪ The findings at the site of the Rama Setu tally with the literature on the construction of the bridge.
▪ The detailed reports of the few surveys conducted till date, point to the Setu being a man made accretion over a natural formation.

How did the name change from Nala Setu to Adam’s Bridge?

▪ The Sri Lankan Muslims called this bridge as ‘Aadhaam Bridge’ because their first Islamic leader traveled over this bridge by foot from India and thus this bridge has a holy connotation for them.

▪ When the Europeans conquered Sri Lanka, since the name Adam was easy on their tongue and had a meaning for the Europeans too, it popularly came to be called Adam’s Bridge.

▪ Rama after winning over Ravana and rescuing Sita flew back in the Pushpaka Vimana. During this flight Rama shows to Sita this particular bridge they crossed over and explains to her that the construction of this bridge was very difficult and it was possible due to the ingenuity and the engineering skill of Nala and hence he has called the bridge as ‘Nala Setu’.

▪ Later, the people due to their adoration to Rama called this bridge ‘Rama Setu’.

Conclusions than can be done from NASA Satellite images of Rama Setu

▪ NASA through their satellites have been photographing the skies and different parts of the world. In this process, they have also photographed South India and Sri Lanka. Being Satellite / aerial photography the bridge is also clearly visible in the photograph as a causeway. These photograph suddenly kindled the interest in the Indians who were looking for scientific proofs for the bridge constructed by Rama and his team.

▪ NASA in their statement on these photographs have stated that the land at both ends of the causeway are over 1.7 million years old which can be corroborated with geology, archaeology and other fields.

▪ Obviously for the purpose of dating this land, photography is not the only method. It can at best be an additional tool. Some over zealous persons jumped on to this suggestive date as it fitted well with the Indian Treta Yuga calculation in lakhs of years. This obviously led to a denial statement from the NASA officials.

▪ We need to look at the images and the original statements of NASA and draw a scientific understanding of what the bridge / causeway can mean.

There are three things that we can draw from NASA’s photograph statements are

▪ The bridge / causeway has been identified as Adam’s bridge.

▪ The time period mentioned therein of 1.7 million years is not of the bridge / causeway but the two ends of the adjoining land.

▪ The shape of this structure which has a unique curvature suggests that it could be man made. It is not an emphatic statement, but only a suggestive view based on an observation.

Sea Level Rise

▪ A schematic representation of Sea Level Rise is depicted below. 

 What do our other traditional literature say about these dates?

▪ The above clearly brings forth the date of Rama being 5114 BCE and it tallies well with scientific explanations.

Mystery of Floating Stones of Ramasetu

▪ Rama Setu took 5 days to build by 10 Million Vanara army under the supervision of Architects Neel and Nala.

▪ It is believed that RAMA Setu is made of a chain of limestone shoals.

▪ It is 30 Km Long and 3 Km Wide. It Starts from Dhanushkodi tip of India’s Pamban Island and ends at Sri Lanka’s Mannar Island. Sea in these areas is very shallow.

▪ In Ramayan it is mentioned that the bridge was built by Stones and these stone starts Floating on water by touch of Nala & Neel. Some such stones were scattered at Rameswaram during the Tsunami ,these stones still float on water.

▪ Many Geologist says RAMA Setu is built by natural process but failed to Provide enough proofs. Apart from Ramayana there are several facts which say Rama Setu is Man-made Structure.

▪ Facts that prove it is Man Made
The places mentioned in Ramayan exactly matches to the current location of the bridge.

▪ Temple records say that Rama’s Bridge was completely above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in AD 1480. Ram Setu was walkable till 1480 AD. NASA Says what had been captured by satellite is naturally occurring chain of sandbanks.

▪ Battle between Science & Spirituality is running over a decade. Science relies on logics , facts & proofs whereas Spirituality is largely related to belief. According to Hindu belief Ram Setu was built by Lord Rama to cross the sea. Stones used to make the bridge floated on water because Rama was written on stones. But there is a complete scientific explanation why stones floated on water & why now Ram Setu is under water.

▪ A scientific possibility 
If air is trapped within a shell of silica it would look like a stone but would actually be very light and would thus float. Another example is Ice. When put into glass having liquid, ice floats on liquid & after some time it sinks. Another prime example is of “Pumice” stone.

▪ About Pumice stone 
Pumice is one such stone that floats on water. Pumice is the name given to the hardened foam of lava when it comes out of a volcano. The inside of a volcano has very high pressure, and can be as hot as 1600 degree Celsius. When the lava comes out of the volcano, it meets the cool air (and sometimes sea water), which is around 25 degree Celsius.

▪ Two things happen immediately
Air and water that were mixed in the lava bubble out, as the pressure falls. The huge difference in temperature gives the lava a ‘cold shock’, so it freezes almost immediately. So the bubbles get trapped in the freezing stone, giving it a very spongy appearance. In some kinds of pumice, the bubbles can make upto 90% of the volume.

▪ Dense stones do not float on water
But because pumice is full of air bubbles, it is less dense than water. So in the beginning it will float. But in time, water will enter the bubbles driving out the air. Slowly, the pumice sinks. This also explains why the Ram Setu is under water today. Pumice doesn’t float forever. However, this theory is not 100 per cent correct. Read on to know how some scientists dismiss the Pumice stone theory….

▪ Strange floating stones of Rameshwaram 
Some floating stones are found on the coastal regions of Rameshwaram. These stones are similar to any other stone and possess the same features, physical and chemical composition like the stone you may find in your locality. Seeing these stones from a far distance, you may feel that this stone is made of corals but on physical examination, it is found that this is not a coral stone...and neither is it a pumice stone!

▪ Debunking the Pumice stone theory
There is no volcano near Rameshwaram nor is there any evidence which claims the existence of volcano in the areas surrounding Rameshwaram over the last few millions of years. Also, floating stones of Rameshwarm are not light weighted like pumice rocks and doesn’t have the chemical composition similar to pumice rocks.

▪ There is no exception
It might be possible that this is some special kind of heavy pumice rocks found only at Rameshwaram but if this would have been the case, then it would have been confirmed by Indian archeologists. According to visitors, some of the stones do look like pumice but are extremely heavy to be called as pumice. Also, color of the pumice rocks is white or creamish in color but there are many black floating stones in Rameshwaram.

▪ NASA images of Ram Setu 
This bridge made of floating stones can still be seen between India and Sri Lanka from Rameshwaram, the place where Lord ram prayed to lord Shiva and started the construction of the bridge. Since this story is very old and unproven, many historians, scientists and archaeologists deny accepting this bridge to be built by lord Rama but at the same time they are unable to explain the concept of floating stones found in Rameshwaram.

▪ It’s not Ram Setu but corals?
Scientist has been claiming far and wide that the stones of ram setu are actually coral formation. Nasa scientists even release the photo where they claims the Ram setu underwater bridge to be coral formation. Take a look at the image release by their space shuttle.

▪ No, there is definitely a bridge out there!
There is nothing like floating coral because coral is calcium carbonate, and its chemical composition is too dense to float on water. Geologist claims that after years of formation of layers on ocean bed, coral stones are formed within the layer, but when they were asked why these stones were formed only in Rameshwaram and nowhere else there were no answers. Also, coral stones don’t occur naturally in the sea, they occur only on hard surface.

▪ Unknown science behind floating stones
Until the scientists come up with a convincible theory maybe we can consider Rama Setu as an engineering masterpiece. The technology once existed to make stones float on water and the architect like Nala and Neela were too advanced in building a bridge from India to Sri Lanka within 5 days with the help of dedicated workforce of million Vanaras.

To know all Scientific, Archaeological, Astronomical Evidence of Ramayana please visit below link


Also please watch this video of Ram Setu of today without miss
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