CHAPTER NO:- 7 》PART:- 5 》Investigations and Publications of Reincarnation Case Studies by DR.Erlendur Haraldsson

▪ Erlendur Haraldsson is a professor of psychology at the University of Iceland. He studied philosophy at the universities of Iceland, Edinburg and Freiburg, Writer and journalist. Studied psychology at the University of Freiburg and University of Munich where he obtained the Dip. Psych. in 1969.

▪ Research fellow at the Institute of Parapsychology in Durham, internship in clinical psychology at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Virginia in Charlottesville, Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Freiburg, Research associate at the American Society for Psychical Research. After that in the Department of Psychology at the University of Iceland. Visiting professor at the University of Virginia, and at the Institute for Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene in Freiburg. Dr. Haraldsson has published numerous scientific articles and book chapters, and is the author of four books, two of which have appeared in English.

Psychological and cultural characteristics

▪ Erlendur Haraldsson and his colleagues conducted several studies of the personality, abilities and psychological characteristics of children who claim memories of a previous life, comparing them with paired children who did not. The objective of these studies was to determine the role certain psychological characteristics the children might have as possible explanations for their past-life memories, such as, fantasy, suggestibility, social isolation, dissociation and attention seeking.

▪ In a study of 23 children pairs in Sri Lanka, those claiming memories of a previous life had greater verbal skills and better memory than their peers, performed much better in school, and were more socially active, but were not more suggestible.

▪ In a further study of 27 children pairs in Sri Lanka, one evaluation checklist revealed that the target children exhibited more behavioral problems, including oppositional traits, and obsessional and perfectionistic characteristics, and a dissociation instrument showed them to have dissociative tendencies such as rapid changes in personality and frequent daydreaming. In a later study of 30 children pairs from Lebanon, children claiming memories of a previous life tested higher for daydreaming, attention seeking and dissociation but not for suggestibility and social isolation.

▪ The level of dissociation was much lower than cases of multiple personality and was not clinically relevant. There was some evidence of post-traumatic stress disorder - like symptoms; eighty percent of the children spoke of memories of a violent death, mostly from accidents but also war-related deaths and murders. It is possible the repeated appearance of this imagery serves as a stressor.

Dr. Erlendur Haraldsson Life Work and Publications

1. Children claiming past‐life memories: Four cases in Sri Lanka. Journal of Scientific Exploration,
2. Psychological comparison between ordinary children and those who claim previous‐life memories. Journal of Scientific Exploration,
3. Children who speak of memories of a previous life as a Buddhist monk: Three new cases. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research,
4. Birthmarks and claims of previous life memories I. The case of Purnima Ekanayake. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research,
5. Birthmarks and claims of previous life memories II. The case of Chatura Karunaratne. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research.
6. Psychological Characteristics of Children Who Speak of a Previous Life: A Further Field Study in Sri Lanka Transcultural Psychiatry,
7. Development of Certainty about the Correct Deceased Person in a Case of the Reincarnation Type: The Case of Nazih Al‐Danaf. Journal of Scientific Exploration.

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