Scientifically and Historically Accepted Timeline of World religion

▪ The timeline of religion is a chronological catalog of important and noteworthy religious events in pre-historic and modern times. This article reaches extensively into prehistoric times, as the bulk of the human religious experience is not relegated to written history.

▪  Written history is only, approximately, 5000 years old (the age of formal writing).
A lack of written records results in the fact that most of the knowledge about prehistoric religion is derived from archaeological records and other indirect sources, and suppositions. Much prehistoric religion is subject to continued debate.

Homo heidelbergensis deliberately disposing of deceased individuals, usually in funerary caches. The graves, located throughout Eurasia (e.g. the Pontnewydd Cave (Wales), Atapuerca Mountains (Spain), Qafzeh, Es Skhul, Krapina (Croatia), are believed to represent the beginnings of ceremonial rites, although there is some debate about this.

▪ Neanderthals placed their deceased in simple graves with little or no concern for grave goods or markers; however, their graves occasionally appeared with limestone blocks in or on them, possibly an archaic form of grave marking.

▪ These practices were possibly the result of empathetic feelings towards fellow tribespeople, for example: an infant buried in the Dederiyeh Cave after its joints had disarticulated was placed with concern for the correct anatomical arrangement of its body parts.

98,000 BCE
▪ In the area of present-day France and Belgium, Neanderthals begin defleshing their dead, possibly after a period of excarnation prior to burial.


50th to 11th millennium BCE

40,000 BCE
▪ One of the earliest anatomically modern humans to be cremated is buried near Lake Mungo.

38,000 BCE
▪ The Aurignacian Löwenmensch figurine, the oldest known zoomorphic (animal-shaped) sculpture in the world and one of the oldest known sculptures in general, is made. The sculpture has also been interpreted as anthropomorphic, giving human characteristics to an animal, although it may have represented a deity.

▪ All convincing evidence for Neanderthal burials ceases. Roughly coinciding with the time period of the Homo sapiens introduction to Europe and decline of the Neanderthals, individual skulls and/or long bones begin appearing heavily stained with red ochre and are separately buried. This practice may be the origins of sacred relics.


▪ The oldest discovered "Venus figurines" appear in graves. Some are deliberately broken or repeatedly stabbed. Possibly representing murders of the men they are buried with or some other unknown social dynamic.

25,000–21,000 BCE
▪ Clear examples of burials are present in Iberia, Wales, and Eastern Europe. All of these, also, incorporate the heavy use of red ochre. Additionally, various objects are being included in the graves (i.e. periwinkle shells, weighted clothing, dolls, possible drumsticks, mammoth ivory beads, fox teeth pendants, panoply of ivory artifacts, "baton" antlers, flint blades, etc.).

13,000–8,000 BCE
▪ Noticeable burial activity resumes. Prior mortuary activity had either taken a less obvious form or contemporaries retained some of their burial knowledge in the absence of such activity; dozens of men, women, and children were being buried in the same caves which were used for burials 10,000 years beforehand. All these graves are delineated by the cave walls and large limestone blocks.

▪ The burials are very similar to each other and share a number of characteristics—ochre, shell and mammoth ivory jewellery—that go back thousands of years. Some burials are double, comprising an adult male with a juvenile male buried by his side. They are now appearing to take on the form of modern cemeteries. Old burials are commonly being dug and moved to make way for the new ones, with the older bones often being gathered and cached together. Large stones may have acted as grave markers. Pairs of ochred antlers are sometimes mounted on poles within the cave; this is compared to the modern practice of leaving flowers at one's grave.

100th to 34th century BCE.

9831 BCE
▪ The Neolithic Revolution begins and results in a worldwide population explosion. The first cities, states, kingdoms, and organized religions begin to emerge. The early states were usually theocracies, in which the political power is justified by religious prestige. Beginning of First Sangam, Hinduism 'Shiva' period in South India.

9130–7370 BCE
▪ The apparent usage lifespan of Göbekli Tepe, one of the oldest human-made sites of worship as of yet discovered, similar usage has also been found in a nearby site, Nevalı Çori.

7500–5700 BCE
▪ The settlements of Catalhoyuk develop as a likely spiritual center of Anatolia. Possibly practicing worship in communal shrines, its inhabitants leave behind numerous clay figurines and impressions of phallic, feminine, and hunting scenes.

5500–4500 BCE
▪ The Proto-Indo-Europeans (PIE) emerged, probably within the Pontic-Caspian steppe (though their exact urheimat is debated). The PIE peoples developed a religion focused on sacrificial ideology, which would influence the religions of the descendent Indo-European cultures throughout Europe, Anatolia, and the Indian subcontinent.

It is said to be the period of Ramayana in India, Birth of Lord Sri Ram in 5114 BCE who is Central Figure of Hinduism.

3750 BCE
▪ The Proto-Semitic people emerged with a generally accepted urheimat in the Arabian peninsula. The Proto-Semitic people would migrate throughout the Near East into Mesopotamia, Egypt, Ethiopia, and the eastern shore of the Mediterranean. Their religion would influence their descendant cultures and faiths.

33rd to 12th century BCE

3300–1300 BCE
▪ Extent and major sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. The shaded area does not include recent excavations.

▪ The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses as well as for containing artifacts which could be linked to pre-vedic religions.

▪ It is also a period of Mahabharata in India. Birth of Lord Sri Krishna in 3112 BCE who is an Incarnation of Lord Vishnu of Hindu Trinity.
Also the period in which Hindu Sacred Scripture Bhagavad Gita was written.

3102 BCE
Beginning of Kaliyuga, a new age among the followers of Indian religions.

3100 BCE
▪ The initial form of Stonehenge is completed. The circular bank and ditch enclosure, about 110 metres (360 ft) across, may be complete with a timber circle.

3100–2900 BCE
▪ Newgrange, the 250,000 ton (226,796.2 tonne) passage tomb aligned to the winter solstice in Ireland, is built.

3000-3200 BCE
▪ The significance of establishing this date for the drying up of the Sarasvati River is, that it pushes the date for the composition of the Rig Veda back to approximately 3,000 B.C.E., as enunciated by the Vedic tradition itself.
▪ Sumerian Cuneiform emerges from the proto-literate Uruk period, allowing the codification of beliefs and creation of detailed historical religious records.

▪ The second phase of Stonehenge is completed and appears to function as the first enclosed cremation cemetery in the British Isles.

2635–2610 BC
▪ The oldest surviving Egyptian Pyramid is commissioned by pharaoh Djoser.

2600 BCE
▪ Stonehenge begins to take on the form of its final phase. The wooden posts are replaced with that of bluestone. It begins taking on an increasingly complex setup—including altar, portal, station stones, etc.—and shows consideration of solar alignments.

2560 BCE

▪ The approximate time accepted as the completion of the Great Pyramid of Giza, the oldest pyramid of the Giza Plateau.

2494–2345 BCE

▪ The first of the oldest surviving religious texts, the Pyramid Texts, are composed in Ancient Egypt.

2200 BCE

▪ Minoan Civilization in Crete develops. Citizens worship a variety of Goddesses.

2150–2000 BCE
▪ The earliest surviving versions of the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh (originally titled "He who Saw the Deep" (Sha nakba īmuru) or "Surpassing All Other Kings" (Shūtur eli sharrī)) were written.

2000–1850 BCE

▪ The traditionally accepted period in which the Judeo Christian/Islamic patriarchal figure Abraham lived. Likely born in Ur Kaśdim or Haran and died in Machpelah, Canaan.

1600 BCE
▪ The ancient development of Stonehenge comes to an end.

1500 BCE
▪ The Vedic Age starts in India after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilisation

13th to 9th century BCE

1351 or 1353 BCE
▪ Reign of Akhenaten in Ancient Egypt. Akhenaten is sometimes credited with starting the earliest known monotheistic religion.

1300–1000 BCE
▪ The "standard" Akkadian version of the Epic of Gilgamesh was edited by Sin-liqe-unninni.

1250–600 BCE
 ▪ The Upanishads (Vedic texts) get composed which contain the earliest emergence of some of the central religious concepts of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism

1200 BCE
▪ The Greek Dark Age begins.

1200 BCE
▪ Olmecs build earliest pyramids and temples in Central America.

877–777 BCE

Parshva, 23rd Tirthankar of Jainism.


8th to 3rd Century BCE

800 BCE
▪ The Greek Dark Age ends.

600–500 BCE
▪ Earliest Confucian writing, Shu Ching incorporates ideas of harmony and heaven.

599–527 BCE

Mahavira, 24th and last Tirthankar of Jainism.

600–400 BCE

▪ Probable time of existence of Laozi, author of the Tao Te Ching, considered the founding work of philosophical Taoism.

563 BCE

Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism is born, whom hindus consider him as 9th incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu.

551 BCE
▪ Confucius, founder of Confucianism, is born.

440 BCE

Zoroastrianism enters recorded history.

399 BCE
▪ Socrates is tried for impiety.

300 BCE
▪ Theravada Buddhism is introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahinda.

250 BCE
▪ The Third Buddhist council was convened.

2nd century BCE to 4th century CE

150 BCE
Hebrew Bible  (old testament)

▪ The oldest surviving Hebrew Bible manuscripts date to about the 2nd century BCE (fragmentary).

140 BCE

▪ The earliest grammar of Sanskrit literature gets composed by Pāṇini.

100 BCE–500 CE

▪ The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali constituting the foundational texts of Yoga are composed.

7 BCE–36 CE

▪ The approximate time-frame for the life of Jesus of Nazareth, the central figure of Christianity.

50–62
▪ Christian Council of Jerusalem is held.

70
▪ Siege of Jerusalem and the Destruction of the Temple and rise of Rabbinic Judaism.

220
▪ Manichaean Gnosticism is formed by prophet Mani

250
▪ Some of the oldest parts of the Ginza Rba, a core text of Mandaean Gnosticism, are written.

250–900

▪ Classic Mayan civilization, Stepped pyramids are constructed.
300

▪ The oldest known version of the Tao Te Ching is written on bamboo tablets.

313
▪ The Edict of Milan decrees religious toleration in the Roman empire.

325
▪ The first Ecumenical Council, the Council of Nicaea, is convened to attain a consensus on doctrine through an assembly representing all of Christendom. It establishes the original Nicene Creed, fixes Easter date, confirms primacy of the See of Rome, See of Alexandria, and See of Antioch, and grants the See of Jerusalem a position of honor.

350
Greek Bible (New Testament).

▪ The oldest record of the complete biblical texts survives in a Greek translation called the Septuagint, dating to the (appx. placement here) 4th century CE (Codex Sinaiticus).

380
▪ Theodosius I declared Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire.

381
▪ The second Ecumenical Council, the Council of Constantinople, reaffirms/revises the Nicene Creed repudiating Arianism and Macedonianism.

381–391
▪ Theodosius proscriptive Paganism within the Roman Empire.

393
▪ The Synod of Hippo, the first time a council of bishops of early Christianity listed and approved a
biblical canon.

Middle Ages (5th to 15th century)


5th to 9th century

405

St. Jerome completes the Vulgate, the first Latin translation of the Bible.

410
▪ The Western Roman Empire begins to decline, signaling the onset of the Dark Ages.

424
▪ The Assyrian Church of the East formally separates from the See of Antioch and the western Syrian Church

431
▪ The third Ecumenical Council, the Council of Ephesus, is held as a result of the controversial teachings of Nestorius, of Constantinople. It repudiates Nestorianism, proclaims the Virgin Mary as the Theotokos ("Birth-giver to God", "God-bearer", "Mother of God"), repudiates Pelagianism, and again reaffirmed the Nicene Creed.

449
▪ The Second Council of Ephesus declares support of Eutyches and attacked his opponents. Originally convened as an Ecumenical council, its ecumenicality is rejected and is denounced as a latrocinium by the Chalcedonian.

451
▪ The fourth Ecumenical Council, the Council of Chalcedon rejects the Eutychian doctrine of monophysitism, adopts the Chalcedonian Creed, reinstated those deposed in 449 and deposed Dioscorus of Alexandria, and elevates of the bishoprics of Constantinople and Jerusalem to the status of patriarchates.

451
▪ The Oriental Orthodox Church rejects the christological view put forth by the Council of Chalcedon and is excommunicated.

480–547
▪ The Rule of Saint Benedict is written by Benedict of Nursia, the founder of Western Christian monasticism.

553
▪ The fifth Ecumenical Council, Second Council of Constantinople, repudiates the Three Chapters as Nestorian and condemns Origen of Alexandria.

570–632
Life-time of Muhammad ibn 'Abdullāh, the Prophet of Islam.

632–661
▪ The Rashidun Caliphate brings Arab conquest of Persia, Egypt, Iraq, bringing Islam into those regions.

650

▪ The verses of the Qur'an are compiled in the form of a book in the era of Uthman, the third Caliph of Islam.

661–750
▪ The Umayyad Caliphate brings Arab conquest of North Africa, Spain, Central Asia. Marking the greatest extent of the Arab conquests bringing Islam into those regions.

680–681 
▪ The sixth Ecumenical Council, the Third Council of Constantinople, rejects Monothelitism and Monergism.
Circa 680 the split between Sunni and Shiites starts to grow.

692
▪ The Quinisext Council (aka "Council in Trullo"), an amendment to the 5th and 6th Ecumenical Councils, establishes the Pentarchy.

712
▪ Kojiki, the oldest Shinto text is written

716–936
▪ The beginning of migrations of Zoroastrian communities (Parsi) from Persia to India caused by Muslim conquest of their lands and persecution.

754
▪ The latrocinium Council of Hieria supports iconoclasm.

787
▪ The seventh Ecumenical Council, Second Council of Nicaea, restores the veneration of icons and denounces iconoclasm.

788–820

▪ Lifetime of Adi Shankara, a Hindu philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedānta.

850

▪ The oldest extant manuscripts of the vocalized Masoretic text upon which modern editions are based date to the (appx.) 9th century CE.

10th to 15th century

1054
▪ The Great Schism between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches formally takes place.

1095–1099
▪ The first Crusade takes place.

1107–1110
▪ Sigurd I of Norway wages the Norwegian Crusade on Muslims in Spain, the Baleares, and in Palestine.

1147–1149
▪ The Second Crusade is waged in response to the fall of the County of Edessa.

1189–1192
▪ The Third Crusade, European leaders attempt to reconquer what they considered the Holy Land from Saladin.

1199–1204
▪ The Fourth Crusade takes place.

1204
▪ Crusaders of the Fourth Crusade sack the Christian Eastern Orthodox city of Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.

1206
Delhi Sultanate is established.

1209–1229
▪ The Albigensian Crusade takes place in Occitania, Europe.

1217–1221
▪ The Church attempts the Fifth Crusade.

1222−1282

Nichiren Daishonin the Buddha of True Causes, Latter Day of the Law and founder of Nichiren Buddhism is born, based at Nichiren Shoshu Head Temple Taisekiji (Japan), Namu)-Myōhō-Renge-Kyō.

1228–1229
▪ The Sixth Crusade occurs.

1229
▪ The Codex Gigas is completed by Herman the Recluse in the Benedictine monastery of Podlažice near Chrudim.

1244
▪ Jerusalem is sacked again, instigating the Seventh Crusade.

1270
▪ The Eighth Crusade is organized.

1271–1272
▪ The Ninth Crusade fails.

1320
Pope John XXII lays the groundwork for the future witch-hunts with the formalization of the persecution of witchcraft.

1378–1417
▪ The Roman Catholic Church is split during the Western Schism.

1469–1539

▪ The life of Guru Nanak, founder of Sikhism.

1484
▪ Pope Innocent VIII marks the beginning of the classical European witch-hunts with his papal bull Summis desiderantes.

1486-1534

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu popularised the chanting of the Hare Krishna (mantra) and composed the Siksastakam (eight devotional prayers) in Sanskrit.

▪ His followers, Gaudiya Vaishnavas, revere him as a spiritual reformer, Hindu revivalist and a minor incarnation of Krishna (Vishnu).

1500
▪ African religious systems are introduced to the Americas, with the commencement of the transAtlantic slave trade.

1517

Martin Luther, of the Protestant Reformation, posts the 95 theses.
Based on 95 theses of martin Luther king, People start protesting Roman catholics and a new sub religion in Christianity  Called Protestants begins.
▪ In the Spanish Empire, Catholicism is spread and encouraged through such institutions as missions and the Inquisition.

1534
▪ Henry VIII separates the English Church from Rome and takes the position of Supreme Head of the Church of England.

1562
▪ The Massacre of Vassy sparks the first of a series of French Wars of Religion.
Early modern and Modern era (16th to 20th century)

16th to 18th century

1699

▪ The creation of the Khalsa by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in Sikhism.

1708
▪ Death of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the last Sikh guru, who, before his death, instituted the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib Ji, as the eternal Guru.

1770

Baron d'Holbach publishes The System of Nature said to be the first positive unambiguous statement of atheism in the West.

1781

▪ Birth of Ghanshyam later known as Sahajanand Swami/Swaminarayan in Chhapaiya at the house of Dharmadev and Bhaktimata.

1789–1799
▪ The Dechristianisation of France during the Revolution.

▪ The state confiscated Church properties, bans monastic vows, with the passage of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy removes the Church from the Roman Pope and subordinates it as a department of the Government, replaces the traditional Gregorian Calendar, and abolishes Christian holidays.

1791
▪ Freedom of religion, enshrined in the Bill of Rights, is amended into the constitution of the United States forming an early and influential secular government.

19th to 20th century

1801
▪ The situation following the French Revolution, France and Pope Pius VII entered into the Concordat of 1801. While "Catholicism" regains some powers and becomes recognized as "...the religion of the great majority of the French", it's not reafforded the latitude it had enjoyed prior to the Revolution. It's not the official state religion, the Church relinquishes all claims to estate seized after 1790, the clergy is state salaried and must swear allegiance to the State, and religious freedom is maintained.

1819–1850

The life of Siyyid 'Alí Muḥammad Shírází (Persian: سيد علی ‌محمد شیرازی) Bab (October 20, 1819 – July 9, 1850), the founder of Bábism.

1817–1892

▪ The life of Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith.

1830

▪ The Latter Day Saint movement is founded by Joseph Smith.

1835–1908

▪ Lifetime of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of the messianic Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam.

1836–1886

▪ Lifetime of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, famous saint and mystic of Bengal.

1841

Satguru Ram Singh Ji Ram Singh, Creator of Namdhari Sikhs sect of Sikh religion.

1875

▪ The Theosophical Society formed in New York City by Helena Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott, William Quan Judge and others.

1879
▪ Christian Science was granted its charter in Boston, Massachusetts.

1889
▪ The establishment of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

1893

Swami Vivekananda's first speech at The Parliament of World Religions, Chicago that brought the ancient philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the western world.

1899
▪ Aradia (aka the Gospel of the Witches), one of the earliest books describing post witchhunt European religious Witchcraft, is published by Charles Godfrey Leland.

1904
▪ Thelema founded.

1905
▪ In France the law on the Separation of the Churches and the State is passed, officially establishing it a state secularism and putting an end to the funding of religious groups by the state.

▪ Becoming a place of pilgrimage for neo-druids and other pagans, the Ancient Order of Druids organized the first recorded reconstructionist ceremony in Stonehenge.

1908
▪ The establishment of the Khalifatul Masih after Prophethood in the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, the Second Manifestation of God's Power.

1917
▪ The October Revolution, in Russia, leads to the annexation of all church properties and subsequent religious suppression.
the 1917 Constitution of Mexico is written making Mexico a secular state.

1920

Self Realization Fellowship Church of all Religions with its headquarters in Los Angeles, CA funded by Paramahansa Yogananda.

1926
▪ Cao Dai founded.

▪ The Cristero War is fought in Mexico between the secular government and religious christian rebels ends 1929.

1930s
▪ Rastafari movement begins.

▪ The Nation of Islam is founded in Detroit, Michigan.

1932

▪ A neo-Hindu religious movement, the Brahma Kumaris or "Daughters of Brahma" started. Its origin can be traced to the group "Om Mandali", founded by Lekhraj Kripalani(1884–1969).

1938
▪ The first event of the Holocaust, the Kristallnacht, takes place.

1939–1945 
▪ Millions of Jews are relocated and killed by the Nazi government during Holocaust.

1947

▪ British India is partitioned on religious lines; into an Islamic country of Pakistan and the secular nation of India with a Hindu majority.

1948
▪ The Jews return to their ancient biblical homeland and the state of Israel is created.

1952

Scientology is created.

1954
▪ Wicca is publicized by Gerald Gardner.

1960s
▪ Various Neopagan and New Age movements gain momentum.

1961
Unitarian Universalism formed from merger of Unitarianism and Universalism.

1962

▪ The Church of All Worlds, the first American neo-pagan church, is formed by a group including Oberon Zell-Ravenheart, Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart, and Richard Lance Christie.

1962–1965
▪ The Second Vatican Council takes place.

1965

Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada establishes the International Society for Krishna Consciousness and introduces translations of the Bhagavad-Gita and Vedic Scriptures in mass production all over the world.

1966
▪ Anton Szandor LaVey's Satanism begins, with Anton Szandor LaVey's founding of the Church of Satan.

1972–1984
▪ The Stonehenge free festivals are held.

1972–2004

Germanic Neopaganism (aka Heathenism, Heathenry, Ásatrú, Odinism, Forn Siðr, Vor Siðr, and Theodism) begins to experience a second wave of revival.

1973
▪ Claude Vorilhon established the Raëlian Movement and changed his name to Raël following a purported extraterrestrial encounter in December 1973.

1979
▪ The Iranian Revolution results in the establishment of an Islamic Republic in Iran.

1981

▪ The Stregheria revival continues. "The Book of the Holy Strega" and "The Book of Ways" Volume I & II are published.

1984
Operation Blue Star occurs at holiest site of the Sikhs, the Golden Temple in Amritsar. 1984 Anti-Sikh riots follow in Delhi and adjoining regions, after the assassination of Prime minister Indira Gandhi.

1985
▪ The Battle of the Beanfield forces an end to the Stonehenge free festivals.

1989
▪ The revolutions of 1989, the overthrow of many Soviet-style states,allows a resurgence in open religious practice in many Eastern European countries.

1990s

European pagan reconstructive movements (Celtic, Hellenic, Roman, Slavic, Baltic, Finnish, etc.) organize.

1993
▪ The European Council convened in Copenhagen, Denmark, agrees to criteria requiring religious freedom within any and all prospective members of the European Union.

1998

▪ The Strega American Tradition is founded.


21st century

2000
▪ The Palestinian Authority creates the Second Intifada in Israel and the Palestinian territories.

▪ Although largely political in nature, the uprising centered on religion and utilized Islamic extremism to carry out terrorist acts and suicide bombings against Jews and Israeli civilians in the name of Jihad.

2001

21 Muslim terrorists from Al-Qaeda kill 2,977 on September 11, 2001 in the name of Jihad, against the United States of America. Osama Bin Laden claimed responsibility and praised the attacks.

2001
▪ In England and Wales 390,127 people (almost 0.8%) stated their religion as Jedi on their 2001 Census forms, surpassing Sikhism, Judaism, and Buddhism, and making it the fourth largest reported religion in the country. In the 2001 Census, 2.6% of the population of Brighton claimed to be Jedi.

2006

Simmering sectarian rivalries explode in Iraq between Sunni and Shiite Muslims, with both sides targeting each other in terrorist acts and bombings of mosques and shrines.

2008
▪ The only Hindu Kingdom in the world, Nepal, is declared a secular state by its Constituent Assembly after declaring the state a Republic on 28 May 2008.

2009
The Church of Scientology in France is fined €600,000 and several of its leaders are fined and sentenced to jail for defrauding new recruits out of their savings.

▪ The state fails to disband the church due to legal changes occurring over the same time period.

2011

Civil war breaks out in Syria over domestic political issues, the country soon splits along sectarian lines between Sunni, Alawite and Shiite lines.

War crimes and acts of genocide are committed by both sides as Islamic religious leaders condemn the other side as heretics in need of annihilation.

The Syrian civil war soon becomes battleground for regional sectarian unrest, as fighters join the fight from countries as far away as North America and Europe, as well as Iran and Arab states.

2014
Islamic Caliphate is established by self proclaimed Islamic State in regions of war torn Syria and Iraq, drawing global support from radical Sunni Muslims.

▪ This is a modern-day attempt to re-establish Islamic self-rule in accordance with strict adherence to the shariah- Islamic religious law.
▪ In the wake of the Syrian civil war, Islamic extremists target the indigenous Arab Christian communities. In acts of genocide, numerous and ancient Christian and Yazidi communities are cleared out and evicted and threatened with death by various Muslim Shia fighter groups.

After ISIS terrorist forces infiltrate Iraq from Syria and take over large parts of the North, many ancient Christian and Yazidi enclaves are destroyed.
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Anonymous
25 April 2017 at 06:21 delete

I believe this site needs an update ,badly .

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