CHAPTER NO:- 10 》PART:-4 》XENOGLOSSY (Change of Language) as a Principle and Evidence of Reincarnation.


What is Xenoglossy?

▪ Xenoglossy is the phenomenon in which a person is able to speak a language he or she has never learned.
▪ For example, a fluent German speaker who has had no contact with the German language either at home or has never been to Germany displays xenoglossy.
▪ Although quite rare, this has been scientifically observed and is another possible piece of evidence supporting reincarnation.
▪ Skeptics and Atheists claim  that  young  children,  whose  brains  are  sponges  for information,  can  learn  words  and  phrases  of  foreign  languages  through exposure  from  sources  outside  the  home  environment.
▪ However, a child’s intonation, the characteristic pitch and tone associated with a language or dialect, when speaking the language, is more difficult to explain.
▪ Unlearned Language: New Studies in Xenoglossy Is a book entirely dedicated to the scientific study of xenoglossy.
1. Nawal Daw an Arabic, Muslim Girl Speaks an Indian Language
▪ Nawal Daw was born in Lebanon on April 25, 1960 to an Arabic, Muslim family.  As a child, she would speak in a language unknown to her parents and she refused to learn Arabic until the age of five.  As a child, she showed a preference for Indian food, music and dress.
▪ When still a young girl, her parents took Nawal to a tourist spot in Lebanon.  There, she saw people in Indian dress and she ran to them in an excited state. Nawal started to speak to them in their language and they responded to her in their language.
▪ A person that Nawal spoke to was wearing a turban and beard that was rolled up, consistent with the Sikh culture.  As such, the language was likely the Hindi or Punjabi.
▪ In this case, Nawal as a child spoke a language that she never learned by normal means.  Her Arabic family couldn’t understand what language she was speaking, but Indian tourists in Lebanon could understand her and they responded to her in their language, which was most probably the Indian languages of Hindi or Punjabi.  As Nawal was able to converse with the Indian tourists, this represents a case of responsive xenoglossy.
▪ Nawal not only could speak an Indian language, she had a preference for Indian food, music and dress.  As such, it is likely that Nawal had a past lifetime in India.  Nawal was born into a Muslim family, but in her apparent Indian past lifetime, she would have likely been Hindu or Sikh.  As such, nationality, ethnic affiliation and religion have changed from one lifetime to another.
2. Swarnlata Mishra
▪ Swarnlata Mishra -A girl in India who lived entirely among Hindi speaking people but was able to sing songs in Bengali, as identified by Professor P. Pal of Itachuna College in West Bengal, who studied the case after Professor Stevenson and transcribed some of the songs.
3. Sharada Uttara Huddar
▪ Sharada Uttara  Huddar  was  a  woman  in  India  who  normally  spoke Marathi.   While   in   the   hospital   undergoing   psychiatric   treatment,   she began  manifesting  a  personality  called  Sharada,  who  spoke  in  Bengali. Stevenson  had  recordings  analysed  by  Bengali speakers.
4. Jensen An American woman who presented the character of a Swedish farmer
▪ American woman Jensen who presented the character of a Swedish farmer while under hypnosis conducted by her physician husband.
▪ Stevenson reported that the subject was able to converse in Swedish, albeit not fluently. However Thomason's reanalysis concluded that Jensen could not convincingly be claimed to speak Swedish; in the interview Stevenson studied in depth, though Jensen had a total vocabulary of about 100 words, only about 60 were used before interlocutors used them, and, as one of Stevenson’s consultants pointed out, this reduced to 31 after eliminating cognates.
▪ Jensen also gave no complex sentences, mostly gave one or two word answers, and - as acknowledged by Stevenson - the subject’s poor pronunciation was covered by correct spelling in the transcripts. Thomason mentions, however, that two of Stevenson’s consultants praised Jensen's Swedish accent, and one claimed that only a native speaker would pronounce the word ‘seven’ correctly as Jensen does. Furthermore, she says that Stevenson's efforts to rule out fraud are convincing.
5.  Rosemary case in 1931
▪ Rosemary case in 1931 a young girl from Blackpool, England began to speak in an ancient Egyptian dialect.
▪ She claimed to be under the influence of the personality of Babylonian princess and Pharaoh Amenhotep III's wife Telika-Ventiu, who supposedly lived about 3300 years ago.
▪ Rosemary stated that she “hears” the Egyptian words clairaudient and repeated them aloud. During more than a thousand language tests, the girl had spoken some 5000 phrases and short sentences in the old Egyptian language.
▪ They were recorded phonetically and the first 800 of them were later identified and translated by an Egyptologist Mr. Hulme. He claimed that Rosemary’s   speech   substantially   and   consistently   conformed   to   what Egyptologists know today of the ancient Egyptian tongue.
▪ Three  books  on  the  Rosemary  case  have  been  published  and  two gramophone discs of xenoglossy have been recorded.
6.  A Poor German Woman Speaks French
▪ This case dates back to 1862, when a hypnotist in Hamburg, Germany, named Rice Galician, hypnotized a poverty stricken German woman who began speaking French.
▪ The German woman didn’t know French, yet she described events of a previous life in very good, conversational French.  In her usual state of consciousness, she could only speak German.
▪ In a French Past Lifetime, the Woman Pushed her Husband off a Cliff. The woman described the events of a previous lifetime in which she got rid of her husband by pushing him over a cliff.  She attributed her poverty as karma related to this act.
▪ Though this German woman’s past life memories could not be verified, the report of her xenoglossy is notable, as it is one of the earliest accounts of this phenomenon.

Researched by Ian Stevenson  and  other researchers

Xenoglossy is a Greek term that means “foreign tongue” or “foreign language.” In reincarnation research, xenoglossy refers to the ability of a person to speak a language that hasn’t been learned by normal means. The ability to Speak a Language from a Past Lifetime  &  Retention of Personalities within the Soul
Xenoglossy is thought to provide evidence of reincarnation, as a language must be learned at some point in time. If an individual did not learn the foreign language in a contemporary incarnation, then that language must have been learned in a past lifetime.
Ian Stevenson, MD, a pioneer reincarnation researcher, described two categories of xenoglossy:
Recitative Xenoglossy -In this condition, an   individual can speak a language that hasn’t been  learned, but the individual cannot respond, or  converse, in that language.
▪ Responsive Xenoglossy ­ In this situation, an individual can also speak in a  foreign  language  that  hasn’t  been  learned. In addition, this individual can  understand  other  people  speaking  the  language  and  can  respond, can  participate  in  conversation, in  that  language.
▪ Ian Stevenson makes the assertion  that in responsive xenoglossy,  the individual must have learned and practiced the language at some point in time. Stevenson points out that to converse in a language, practice is required.
▪ If this practice was not done in the contemporary incarnation, then the language must have been learned and practiced in a past incarnation.
Key Points and Principles of Reincarnation This Xenoglossy case, if accepted, it  demonstrates the following principles.
▪ Responsive  Xenoglossy  : Dolores  Jay  under  hypnosis  could  speak  and respond  in German,  a  language  she  did  not  understand  in  her  waking consciousness.  The German woman in this case, who was poor and uneducated, could speak French when she was hypnotized, but in her waking consciousness, she would only speak German.  Dolores J can speak only German and also wrote 40 words in German during a manifestation as  Gretchen during past life regression.
Retention of the Personality with the Soul: When Gretchen emerged, she acted like a well-behaved young girl.  Indeed, like in the Saradha Uttara Huddar case, at times Gretchen did not seem to realize that she was dead. In some sessions, Gretchen thought that she was speaking to interviewers on the street near her home.
Change of Nationality and Religion: Gretchen was German, while Dolores was a citizen of the United States.  Religious affiliation has also changed, as Gretchen was very much aligned with the Catholic Church and against the Protestant Reformation.  In contrast, the Jays were Methodist, which grew out of the reformation movement in England.
▪ Carroll Jay was a Methodist Christian minister who started to practice hypnosis to help people to get relief from chronic pain.  Dolores, his wife, was having back pain and on May 10, 1970, Carroll conducted a hypnosis session with the aim of relieving his wife's pain.When, in hypnosis, Carroll asked Dolores, “Does your back hurt ?” she replied in German, “Nein,” which means "No."On May  13, 1970,  in  another  hypnosis  session,  Dolores  said  in  German, “Ich Bin Gretchen,” which means “I am Gretchen.”
▪ In hypnosis sessions conducted over the next few months, Gretchen appeared repeatedly and spoke only German.  After 10 such sessions, a native German speaker was invited to participate in a session, who had a conversation with Gretchen in German.
▪ On April 23, 1971, Dolores wrote 40 words in German during a manifestation of Gretchen.  Of interest, the handwriting of Gretchen was different than the handwriting of  Dolores Jay.
▪ This infers that handwriting does not necessarily stay the same from one incarnation to another.
▪ Dolores had never learned German and she could not understand or speak German in her normal state of consciousness.  As such, this represents a case of xenoglossy, where a person can speak a language that was not learned through normal means.
▪ As discussed below, xenoglossy is considered to be strong evidence of reincarnation.
▪ When Ian Stevenson, heard about this xenoglossy case, he travelled to Mt. Orab, Ohio, where the Jays lived, to research the case.  On September 2, 1971,  Stevenson,  who  knew  German,  participated  in  a  session  and  had a conversation with Dolores in German.  Stevenson enlisted several other
▪ German speaking individuals to participate in the hypnosis sessions where Gretchen emerged and they also had conversations with her in German. On March 25, 1974, Dolores came to Ian Stevenson’s laboratory at the University of Virginia.
▪ Dr. Stevenson and a colleague, Ms. Elisabeth Day, had conversations with   Gretchen   in   German.    Ian   Stevenson   and   Ms.   Day   transcribed conversations they had with Gretchen spanning 19 sessions.  Stevenson found that Gretchen spoke 237 different German words in these transcripts.  She used 120 specific words before anyone else had said them, which indicates that she was not just mimicking conversation.
▪ In one session that was taped, Gretchen introduced 96 German words that were not previously spoken by interviewers, 21 of which neither Gretchen, nor  interviewers,  had  ever  spoken  before. Stevenson  had  three  different German speakers sign statements that Gretchen was truly speaking German. Ian Stevenson went to great lengths to rule out that Dolores may have learned German by normal means.
▪ Stevenson even had Dolores undergo a polygraph, or lie detector test, on February 5, 1974.  She passed the lie detector test, vouching that she had not learned or known German prior to Gretchen emerging.  Stevenson also interviewed Dolores’s parents, Boyd and Laura Skidmore, as well as her sister, Mary.  All three signed statements that no one they knew spoke German and that there were no German speaking individuals in the area where they lived.
▪ Further, Gretchen could converse in German in an interactive way; she could both understand and respond in German.  Ian Stevenson terms this form of   xenoglossy   as “responsive   xenoglossy,”   which   indicates   a   firm comprehension of the language.  In conversations, Gretchen could understand German and English, but she only would speak in German.
Who was Gretchen ?
▪ In sessions, Gretchen rarely spoke spontaneously, rather, she replied politely to questions, like a well-behaved girl.  She said her name was Gretchen Gottlieb and that she lived with her father, whose name was Herman. She described him as old, with white hair.  Gretchen would chuckle when describing her father riding a horse.
▪ She said her mother, Erika, had died when Gretchen was 8 years old.  She had  no  brothers  or  sisters. Gretchen  said  her  father  was  the  Mayor  of Eberswalde, Germany, where they lived.  She said that they resided on a street called Birkenstrasse.  Gretchen described Eberswalde as a small town with a bakery, butcher shop, church and a college.  There was a forest and river outside the town.
▪ Gretchen related that a housekeeper named Frau Schilder would come to their home to cook and clean.  Gretchen stated that Frau Schilder would bring her own four children to the Gottlieb’s home and that she, Gretchen, would play with the children.
In fact, she said she spent most of her time in their kitchen, caring for the children.  She gave names for the four of them and stated the youngest was three years old.  Gretchen said that she never went to school, which was normal for girls at that time, and that she could not read or write.
Gretchen was Roman Catholic and she knew that the Pope was the head of the church. She was opposed to the Protestant Reformation and she referred to Martin Luther several times as a troublemaker.  She repeated the phrase, “ Martin Luther, betrayer of the people,” several times.
Gretchen repeatedly showed fear and even paranoia when she talked about the Bundesrat.  Ian Stevenson noted that the Bundesrat was a cabinet in Germany that was active from 1875-1900, which was powerful in that it had to approve all bills before they became law. Due to her statement regarding the Bundesrat, Stevenson assumed that Gretchen lived in the late nineteenth century in Germany, when the Bundesrat was in existence.
Gretchen said that she was dead by the age of 16.  She said she had a serious illness with the primary symptom of headache.  She would put her hand to her head and made a facial expression which conveyed suffering.
Like in the Saradha | Uttara Huddar case, at times Gretchen did not seem to realize that she was dead. In some sessions, Gretchen thought that she was speaking to interviewers on the street near her home.
She would plead to the interviewers, such as Stevenson, that she had to go home, as her father would be upset if he found she was talking to strangers. As such, this represents another case in which it appears that a soul has retained a past life personality intact.
Ian Stevenson tried to confirm Gretchen’s statements.
As noted, she did discuss the Bundesrat, which was indeed a cabinet in Germany that was active from 1875-1900. The town of Eberswalde did exist, but there was no mayor by the name of Gottlieb on record.
▪ Stevenson reasoned that her father may have been a lesser official or that Gretchen may have been an illegitimate daughter of a Mayor of Eberswalde, who was given the name Gottlieb after her birth.  It is also possible that Gretchen was speaking of a different town called Eberswalde, which eventually was incorporated into a larger city.

Reincarnation versus Possession

▪ Ian Stevenson raised the issue that the Gretchen Gottlieb | Dolores J case may represent a case of possession, where Gretchen was a discarnate spirit who temporarily took over the body of Dolores Jay. Two incidents support reincarnation as the explanation for the xenoglossy of Dolores Jay.
▪ First, in 1968, Dolores had a dream which occurred a year before Gretchen emerged.  In this dream, Dolores saw a young girl sitting in a saddle on a horse, with an older man on foot.  A crowd had gathered consisting of angry people with sticks and stones.  A man burst through the crowd and grabbed the bridle of her horse.  At that point, Dolores awoke.
▪ This dream is reminiscent of scenes Gretchen later described regarding her life.  Gretchen described her father as an elderly man with white hair and she chuckled when she described him riding a horse.  She also called Martin Luther a troublemaker and a “betrayer of the people.”  The crowd’s anger in the dream could reflect conflict related to the Protestant Reformation in Germany, which Martin Luther led.  An image of Martin Luther is provided to the right.
▪ Memories of past lives often occur in the dream state and as such, this dream would  support  reincarnation  as  the  explanation  for  the  non glossy that Dolores later would demonstrate.
▪ Secondly, during a hypnosis session, Carroll Jay instructed Gretchen to have a vision that Dolores could describe in English.  Dolores then said, in English, that she saw herself being taken away to a city far away.  There, she saw a man speaking at a church.  Mounted policemen then dispersed the crowd.  A young girl and an older man, presumably Gretchen and her father, became frightened and ran away.  When her husband asked Dolores who the young girl in the vision was, Dolores said, “It was me.”

Conclusion

▪ Having worked with Carroll and Dolores Jay for several years on this non glossy case, Ian Stevenson was able to get to know them very well and he became convinced that they were being honest and forthright in their statements. He noted that for Dolores, as a Christian, reincarnation conflicted with her belief system.  Her husband, Carroll, observed that Dolores was “bewildered and a little scared,” by her ability to speak German.
▪ Carroll Jay also struggled with his wife’s non glossy, as it make life difficult for him as a Methodist Christian minister.  On January 20, 1975, the Washington Post published a newspaper article on the non glossy demonstrated by Dolores.  When their community members read the article, some of them accused the Jays with dealing with the devil.  Overall, Ian Stevenson, saw no reason for the Jays or their family to make false statements and he believed this to be a legitimate non glossy case.
▪ If reincarnation is indeed accepted as the explanation, we see how talents, including the ability to speak a language, can be conveyed from one incarnation to another.
▪ Further, as Gretchen emerged with her personality intact, along with the observation that at times she didn’t realize that she was dead, this case demonstrates how the soul can retain its personalities. This phenomenon was also observed in the Shared | Uttar Chuddar.
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